The other two varieties are native to New England. It is also used as a flavoring in salads and cooked foods. Height: 2-4 ft Spread: 2-3 ft Spacing: 12-18 in USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-8 Bloom Color: Purple Monarda fistulosa … There are two main varieties, Mondarda didyma, or scarlet bee balm is what you’ll see most commonly in garden perennial beds.Mondarda fistulosa, or wild bergamot, is the wild version native to the United States.. Today, many families still use wild bergamot during the cold and flu season. Other uses of the herb: The leaves have been used as an insect repellent. Each cluster is about 1.5 in (4 cm) long, containing about 20–50 flowers. Common names are Wild Oregano, Wild Bergamot, Beebalm, Oswego Tea, and Oregano de la Sierra. Monarda fistulosa Short Description. An herbal infusion is used internally in the treatment of colds, catarrh, headaches, and gastric disorders, to reduce low fevers and soothe sore throat, to relieve … Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Problems. Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot) is an herbaceous perennial that grows from slender creeping rhizomes, thus commonly occurring in large clumps. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Powdery mildew can be a problem with all Monarda spp. Wild bergamot is a North American native perennial plant that can handle heat and drought with ease. This magic herb is ruled by Venus, like many in the mint family, and it is wonderful for love magic. Prune stems to increase air flow. It is a clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4' tall. M. fistulosa contains many phytochemicals, some of the most abundant are: Carvacrol, Gamma-terpinine, geraniol, rosmarinic acid, thymol. It is also used as a flavouring in salads and cooked foods. Flowers are … The entire plant above ground level can be used as a potherb, though it is rather aromatic. Rust can also be a problem. This plant blooms from June to September. The latter is a shorter, little branched plant with leaf stalks that are rarely over 3/8 inch long, but is … Its official names are Monarda fistulosa, Monarda pringlei, and Monarda didyma. It is topped by clusters of purple flowers as shown in the photo I took above. But an awful lot of bee balm varieties are naturally-growing wildflowers in the United States. All these terms are used interchangeably by nurseries and gardeners. [citation needed] A tea made from the plant was also used to treat mouth and throat infections caused by dental caries and gingivitis. Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to It is a variable species. The plant is noted for its fragrance, and is a source of oil of thyme. Try adding some to your bath for love spells. menthaefolia, a more western species found in only a few Minnesota counties. Monarda is anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, anesthetic, and anti-fungal. Monarda fistulosa contains thymol which is also prevalent in oil of thyme. (Wood,1997), It is listed as historical in Rhode Island. [2] This plant, with showy summer-blooming pink to lavender flowers, is often used as a honey plant, medicinal plant, and garden ornamental. The plant blooms pink to lavender summer blooming flowers and used often as medicinal plant, honey plant and garden ornamental. Wild bergamot often grows in rich soils in dry fields, thickets, and clearings, usually on limy soil. The flowers make an attractive edible garnish in salads[183]. Blooms:  Summer/Late Summer                  Nut/Fruit/Seed: Late Summer/Fall. Flowers are in a terminal head, large, and have a greenish, white, light lilac, or blue corolla. Dickinson T, Metsger D, Bull J, Dickinson R. (2004) The ROM Field Guide to Wildflowers of Ontario, Toronto:ROM Museum, p. 293. Plants ... Noteworthy Characteristics. There are 2 varieties of Wild Bergamot in Minnesota, var. The plant was used medicinally because of thymol’s aromatic and antiseptic properties. Monarda fistulosa, the wild bergamot or bee balm,[1] is a wildflower in the mint family (Lamiaceae) widespread and abundant as a native plant in much of North America. The herb is considered an active diaphoretic (sweat inducer). Several varieties have been variously recognized within Monarda fistulosa, of which some have also been treated as subspecies or as distinct species. In addition, if the soil is allowed to dry out, the stressed plants become increasingly susceptible to disease. Monarda fistulosa wild bergamot This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Some of its essential oil constituents are; acetic acid, butyric acid, thymohydroquinone. Monarda fistulosa ranges from Quebec to the Northwest Territories and British Columbia, south to Georgia, Texas, Arizona, Idaho, and northeastern Washington. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) is a perennial plant that grows 2-5 feet tall. form a strategic partnership called N.C. The plants are typically up to 3 ft (0.9 m) tall, with a few erect branches. As topical applications, I use the fresh leaves and flowers to create infused oils or either fresh or dried for compresses and poultices. This plant is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits. Culture. One variety of wild bee-balm (Monarda fistulosa var. Edible and Medicinal Plants of the West, Gregory L. Tilford, Wild Flowers: An Aid to Knowledge of our Wild Flowers and their Insect Visitors, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monarda_fistulosa&oldid=978716163, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 September 2020, at 15:01. [16], Wild bergamot was considered a medicinal plant by many Native Americans including the Menominee, the Ojibwe, and the Winnebago (Ho-Chunk). Edible Uses: Condiment Tea Leaves - raw or cooked. Names of Wild Bergamot in various languages of the world are also given. How Wild Bergamot is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Ruby-throated hummingbirds and butterflies nectar from the blooms. rubra) has reddish purple flowers and is an escaped cultivar. Monarda fistulosa - Plant Finder. Wild bergamot features two-lipped, tubular flowers that appear in dense, globular, solitary, terminal heads atop square stems. Monarda fistulosa, Linné; Wild bergamot, also called Horsemint. The flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. Native bee and butterfly magnet. The opposite leaves are broadly lanceolate to ovate, and vary in color from light green to dark green, sometimes with yellow or red tints. Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa Mint family (Lamiaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 2½â€“4' tall, branching frequently in the upper half. Monarda didyma common name of bee balm is attributed to the use of the herb for soothing bee … The entire plant above ground level can be used as a potherb, though it is rather aromatic. According to the USDA, the leaves and extracts were used both externally and internally for a wide range of purposes. Our organic Bee Balm Hydrosol, also known as Wild Bergamot Hydrosol or Monarda Hydrosol, comes from hand collected flowers of Monarda fistulosa plant harvested in the early morning and artisan distilled.. Monarda has been traditionally used as a healing herb by Native Americans and is said to be chemically similar to Thyme ct. Geraniol. Monarda Fistulosa By: Ashley Doyle Monarda Fistulosa (MF) is a perennial plant in the Lamiaceae or Mint family. [citation needed]. The entire plant above ground level can be used as a potherb[183], though it is rather aromatic. Of note, this plant is tolerant of black walnut. fistulosa, very common throughout the state, and var. … Monarda didyma, the crimson beebalm, scarlet beebalm, scarlet monarda, Oswego tea, or bergamot, is an aromatic herb in the family Lamiaceae, native to eastern North America from Maine west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to northern Georgia. The toothed, opposite, aromatic, oblong, grayish-green leaves (to 4") of the Wild bergamot may be used in teas. The uses of these two species are similar to those of horsemint. [citation needed] Bee balm was also used as a carminative herb by Native Americans to treat excessive flatulence. Due to the presence of a high thymol content which is a strong antiseptic (also in thyme), Monarda has been used in infusion form for a variety of ailments in its long past: colds, flu, upper respiratory problems, gas, diarrhea, nausea, fevers and whooping cough, and topically for skin problems and wounds. 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