The civil war in Syria is a rather convoluted example of a proxy war, which could partially be seen as an extension of both the Iranian/Saudi and Russian/American rivalries. THE CHARACTER OF PROXY WAR. The bottom clusters on the map are coverage of the internal Ecuadorian politics of the withdrawal of Assange’s asylum. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. Add Comment. Efficacy describes the proxy’s ability to enable the intervening state to accomplish its desired objectives. The civil war in Syria is a rather convoluted example of a proxy war, which could partially be seen as an extension of both the Iranian/Saudi and Russian/American rivalries. The aforementioned relationship usually takes the form of funding, military training, arms, or other forms of material assistance which assist a belligerent party in sustaining its war effort. Proxy war 1. On one hand are the Syrian government loyalists (both the regular Syrian armed forces and allied militias), which are supported by Hezbollah, Iran, and Russia. The models evolve from social interactions, most notably through principal-agent interactions (power relationships) coupled with the oppressive character of time. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter. If a benefactor provides weapons to a proxy, they can land in the hands of terrorists. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. Introduction Interest in just war theory has boomed in recent years, as a revisionist school of thought has challenged the orthodoxy of international law, most famously defended by Michael Walzer [1977]. Today, the use of … All Rights Reserved. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice.   This chapter explores how certain conditions and methods lead to maximizing a proxy’s utility and efficacy. These substitute actors could be smaller states or non-state actors. CHAPTER 4 A THEORY OF PROXY WAR. A Deeper Examination of the Problems with the By, With, and Through Approach . Tag - Iran Saudi Arabia Proxy War Theory. efficacy, utility, policy, coherence, control. Cooperation and Conflict 2016 19: 4, 263-273 Download Citation. S even years into Syria’s “civil war,” the country is at greater risk than ever of being overrun by the proxy wars of other nations.. In Yemen, they have. Proxy War A war that results when opposing powers use third parties as substitutes for fighting each other directly. To troubleshoot, please check our proxy war synonyms, proxy war pronunciation, proxy war translation, English dictionary definition of proxy war. The term “proxy war” conjures images of the Cold War, when outside powers—namely, the United States and Soviet Union, but also regional players—treated local combatants as pawns on a geopolitical chessboard. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. p. 55. Information and translations of proxy war in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The Cold War is now known for a number of proxy wars in which both the Soviet Union and the United States would support one side or the other in conflicts around the world. The labels used until now to speak of the parties involved in indirect wars vary from “client” and “patron” to “principal” and “pawn”, and are essentially tributary to the Cold War quest for bloc building. Current theories suggest that two forms of proxy relationships exist, one characterized by an exploitative model and the other by a transactional model. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. [Dictionary 1] The United Nations does not wage war (or proxy war): its peacekeeping military actions are instead police actions. The theory articulates two models of proxy warfare, a transactional model and an exploitative model. proxy war synonyms, proxy war pronunciation, proxy war translation, English dictionary definition of proxy war. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. The strategy of war by proxy may be utilized to preserve the “peace” between the two powers directly.8 Given the contemporary neglect of superpower conflict strategies, this thesis critically examines proxy war as a viable national strategy for nuclear armed great powers to advance and/or defend their global national interests in a bipolar international system. Proxy war is covert and illegal, yet still frequently used as a strategy today. 2. contact us This theory stated that if one nation in South East Asia "went red" then all the nations in the region would follow suit. Proxy Battles in Just War Theory Proxy Battles in Just War Theory. States engage in proxy war for numerous reasons, the most important of which is the avoidance of direct conflict, especially with a state of greater or equal strength. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges … Asymmetric warfare (or asymmetric engagement) is war between belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly, or whose strategy or tactics differ significantly. A proxy war is defined to be "a war fought between groups of smaller countries that each represent the interests of other larger powers, and may have help and support from these". Proxy war: | | | Part of a series about | | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Therefore, efficacy represents the long-term perspective. A proxy war is defined to be "a war fought between groups of smaller countries that each represent the interests of other larger powers, and may have help and support from these". Please, subscribe or login to access full text content. Thus, these wars were fought to great effect during the Cold War and had long lasting consequences for either side. Define proxy war. [1] In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. Proxy War A war that results when opposing powers use third parties as substitutes for fighting each other directly. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. This work, arguing that proxy warfare is the dominant form of … War (1979–1991) A New Age of Proxy Warfare Warning Signs: Renewed Rivalries in the 1990s and the 2000s The Arab Spring and Today’s Proxy Wars (2011–2018) Strategic Innovation and Proxy Proliferation Conclusion 54 Notes 57 2. DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503608184.003.0004, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 7 India’s Proxy War in Sri Lanka. A proxy war is an armed conflict between two states or non-state actors which act on the instigation or on behalf of other parties that are not directly involved in the hostilities. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. This theory sees the world with the logical and realistic point of view. In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. Each side was supported by external powers and the conflict expanded, becoming a proxy war in the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. For each country “security” is the prime interest and to satisfy this interest, power is a primary source. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian. To troubleshoot, please check our While Pfaff’s analysis is normative in character, being based in the legal tradition of “just war theory” (jus ad bellum), the norms of proxy wars” at which he arrives map remarkably well onto the political considerations that lie at the heart of unconventional warfare strategy. Executive Summary & Key Findings Proxy warfare will shape twenty-first century conflicts for the foreseeable future. Since proxy warsarewars, moral analysis should start with the traditional Just War Theory provisions ofjus ad bellumthat include just cause, proportionality, right intention, right authority, last resort, and reasonable chance of success. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. Chapter: (p.166) 7 Proxy Battles in Just War Theory Source: Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 3 Author(s): Seth Lazar Laura Valentini Publisher: Oxford University Press Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. efficacy, utility, policy, coherence, control. , and if you can't find the answer there, please To complicate things, proxy wars are indirect interventions in which a Beneficiary uses a Proxy against a specific Target. In: Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy. States engage in proxy war for numerous reasons, the most important of which is the avoidance of direct conflict, especially with a state of greater or equal strength. The picture these theories paint of proxies are built upon principal-agent relationships and metered by strategic risk. A proxy war is an armed conflict between two states or non-state actors which act on the instigation or on behalf of other parties that are not directly involved in the hostilities. A proxy war is an armed conflict between two states or non-state actors which act on the instigation or on behalf of other parties that are not directly involved in the hostilities. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. October 11, 2020. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. Define proxy war. Utility refers to the idea that a proxy can do what is needed—that it can perform the tasks necessary to carry out the intervention. Particularly during the Cold War, the US and USSR engaged in proxy wars by providing material and other forms of aid to competing sides of conflicts, such as in the Cold War-era Arab-Israeli wars (Bar-Siman-Tov 1984, 263). Understanding that proxy war is not unique to one method of warfighting, but instead possess its own nuance, it is instructive to note that the United States lacks a coherent theory of war or related doctrine to support proxy war. The main international players in the proxy war are Saudi Arabia, who is supporting the Sunni rebels, and Russia and Iran, who are allying with the Assad regime. FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please This paper does so by proposing a theory of proxy warfare, currently absent from discussions of military theory, based on historical study, social theory and the tyranny of time. Instead, the purpose of this paper is to add to existing military theory and accepted precepts of war. Greek Civil War The Greek Civil War was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the democrats with Greece, backed by the United Kingdom and United States.   In addition, such proxy wars were also a test of economic capacity for either the Americans or the Soviets. On one hand are the Syrian government loyalists (both the regular Syrian armed forces and allied militias), which are supported by Hezbollah, Iran, and Russia. A proxy war is an armed conflict between two states or non-state actors which act on the instigation or on behalf of other parties that are not directly involved in the hostilities. Expanding upon the limited proxy war theory that exists is therefore vital. Proxy battles in just war theory: Jus in Bello, the site of justice, and feasibility constraints Lazar, Seth and Valentini, Laura (2016) Proxy battles in just war theory: Jus in Bello, the site of justice, and feasibility constraints. Featured • Original Articles Historical background of anti-Shia violence in today’s Pakistan. Opportunistic Related-Issue Coverage: Right now, most coverage of the Assange issue, however, is being used as a proxy war for other matters. Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov. Syria: the proxy war George Joffé NOREF Article August 2012 Executive summary It is now 18 months since the current crisis erupted in Syria. Cooperation and Conflict 2016 19: 4, 263-273 Download Citation. Add Comment. The picture these theories paint of proxies are built upon principal-agent relationships and metered by strategic risk. Ultimately, all this will likely produce a fragmentation of the country and a proxy war between Saudi-supported Sunni and Iranian-supported Shia, with the Kurds eventually going their own way. What does proxy war mean? 17. Meaning of proxy war. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian. The goal of the United States was to stop the spread of communism while the Soviet Union wanted to spread communism in order to increase their own sphere of influence. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503608184.003.0004, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 7 India’s Proxy War in Sri Lanka. The recourse to proxy war has been particularly prevalent since 1945 as the shadow of nuclear war ensured more acute selectivity in conflict engagement, given the consequences of a potential nuclear exchange. Greek Civil War The Greek Civil War was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the democrats with Greece, backed by the United Kingdom and United States. Keywords: Other articles where Proxy war is discussed: Commonwealth of Independent States: A similar proxy war broke out in eastern Ukraine in 2014 after Russia’s illegal annexation of the Ukrainian autonomous republic of Crimea. Andrew Mumford defines proxy war as “indirect engagement in a conflict by third parties wishing to influence its strategic outcome.” 4 It is the indirect nature of the benefactor’s involvement that distinguishes a proxy relationship from other supportive relationships, such as, for example, an alliance. These wars were essential in the concept of nuclear deterrence , allowing the Soviet Union and the United States to compete against each other indirectly and without the involvement of nuclear weapons, via conflicts such as the Vietnam War. In the 1970s and 1980s, a number of guerrilla conflicts in Latin America became de facto conflicts between the Soviet Union and the United States. Jus in Bello, the Site of Justice, and Feasibility Constraints. Therefore, efficacy represents the long-term perspective. Keywords: To complicate things, proxy wars are indirect interventions in which a Beneficiary uses a Proxy against a specific Target. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. Please, subscribe or login to access full text content. By 2018 at least 10,000 people had been killed in clashes between Ukrainian armed forces and Russian-backed paramilitary units in the Donets Basin. the definition here of ‘proxy warfare’ still rests on an underlying premise of indirect engagement, with State A hiring proxies in State B to conduct ‘subversive operations’ on its behalf. Current theories suggest that two forms of proxy relationships exist, one characterized by an exploitative model and the other by a transactional model. During the Cold War, analysis of proxy war was heavily state-centric and was viewed through the binary lens of U.S.-Soviet competition for influence.19 Post-Cold War analysis of proxy warfare has given greater attention to the way that states might use rebel or insurgent groups or other non-state actors as surrogates or proxies to exert influence in another state.20 However, the difficulty … This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. University Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Tag - Iran Saudi Arabia Proxy War Theory. Jus in Bello, the Site of Justice, and Feasibility Constraints. Stanford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Proxy war or not, the bulk of the fighting in Syria is not about the regional balance of power. 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